Department of Child Neurology

Message from the Director of the Department

Child neurology, or pediatric neurology, treats various pediatric neurological diseases and disorders. Although the importance of child neurology has been well acknowledged in other economically developed countries, hospitals with a department specialized in child neurology remain few in number in Japan. Therefore, we have accepted referrals from various places throughout Japan.

小林勝弘

Director,
Department of Child Neurology
Katsuhiro Kobayashi

Scope of Target Diseases

We cover pediatric neurological diseases and mainly provide internal treatment. We have continued to achieve prominent results in Japan in the treatment of epilepsy, particularly refractory epilepsy. Developmental disorders, behavior disorders, and cerebral palsy are also important fields. Refractory epilepsy is also treated surgically in collaboration with the Department of Neurosurgery.
Our target diseases are presented below:
• Seizure disorders (pediatric epilepsy, particularly refractory epilepsy, etc.)
• Developmental behavior disorders (autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD), specific learning disorder, etc.)
• Neuromuscular diseases (peripheral neurological diseases, muscular diseases, etc.)
• Sleep disorders (sleep apnea syndrome, narcolepsy, restless legs syndrome, etc.)
• Metabolic and degenerative disease and acute encephalopathy
• Cerebrovascular disorder, etc.

Features and Description of Medical Care

Although child neurology has been regarded as a specialty from early times in the United States and Europe, the establishment of a specialized hospital department has been delayed in Japan, exceptionally among developed countries. Only two university hospitals in Japan have a hospital department specializing in child neurology. For that reason, many patients with pediatric neurological disease are referred to us daily from places in western Japan, mainly the Chugoku and Shikoku regions. The outpatient clinic of child neurology treats various pediatric neurological diseases described above. The clinic is open daily, Monday through Friday, for both initial and return visits. In principle, consultation is done during the morning. We also offer special outpatient services of developmental behavior disorder clinic in the afternoon on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays.

For outpatient visits

Appointments should be made for electroencephalography (EEG), in principle, either by an attending physician during consultation, or by return postcard. When a patient is referred to us for the first visit, examinations such as EEG might invariably be performed on a return visit. We still have only 10 beds. Patients must wait for hospital admission.
Although priority will be assigned in cases of emergency, we appreciate your understanding that admission is difficult on the day of the first visit.

Centers & Services